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Do you have some costume jewelry that turns your skin green?
Maybe some Magnesite nuggets that fade on your skin or even have simply lost their luster? 
Go to your local hardware store and purshase an 11 oz. spray can of Krylon Crystal Clear Gloss. 
Simply spray a thin coat onto the jewelry and allow to dry for 1 hour before wearing.

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History of Swarovski Rhinestones

Definition: rhinestones - colorless imitation stones of high luster made of glass, paste, or gem quartz

Rhinestones are pieces of faceted glass. The original rhinestones were pebbles of rock crystal from the Rhine River (Austria's western boundary). The true sparkle began in about 1775 when a French jeweler named George Frederic Stras had an idea to coat the lower side of glass with metal powder. The resulting quality closely imitated diamonds. They still were not real affordable because the stones were individually handcrafted.

1892 Daniel Swarovski, son of a Bohemian gem cutter, applied for a patent on his first invention: a machine that cuts crystal jewelry stones with unprecedented precision.

1895 Swarovski moves to Austria, where his invention could be powered by water, to set up a factory specializing in the production of cut crystal jewelry stones. Success in producing rhinestones economically without compromising the quality of the cut is achieved which meant acceptance in the jewelry industry.

1911 Daniel and his three sons refine methods to produce stones to a state of flawless brilliance. 1917 the company succeeds in producing grinding wheels for cutting crystal stones to increase production capacity.

1955 the Aurora Borealis is presented; a coating is applied to crystal stones to produce a rainbow of colors effect.

1956 Daniel dies at the grand old age of 94 leaving one of Austrians largest companies and one of the world's largest producers of rhinestones which exports 80% of its production.

 


Swarovski Alternative

Preciosa™ Genuine Czech Crystal™

Preciosa™ Genuine Czech Crystal™ is a world leading producer of cut crystal, specializing mainly in the production of machine cut chatons of top quality and in a broad variety of shapes, colors and sizes. The VIVA12™, featuring 12 facets, is the most commonly used flat back offered by Preciosa. The company’s headquarters are in Jablonec nad Nisou (Northern Bohemia), in a region with hundreds of years of glass making tradition. 


Rhinestone Size Chart

There are three ways used to measure rhinestone sizes. The terms are Stone Size (ss), Pearl Plate (pp), and Millimeter (mm). The following rhinestone size chart shows relative sizes of each. Please note that due to differences in computer screens and printers, this chart should be used as an approximation.

 

Rhinestones and Sequins size chart (c) Rhinestones Unlimited

 

 
How Many Rhinestones Will I Need??
 
Solid line of Rhinestones  

12ss

_____________ X 25.4 = __________ / 3.1 = _____________ / 144 = ______________
# inches to cover......................................# of rhinestones................. # of gross
 

16ss


Solid line of Rhinestones (use formula below to estimate total needed)
_____________ X 25.4 = __________ / 3.9 = _____________ / 144 = ______________
# inches to cover......................................# of rhinestones................. # of gross

 

20ss


Solid line of Rhinestones (use formula below to estimate total needed)
_____________ X 25.4 = __________ / 4.7 = _____________ / 144 = ______________
# inches to cover......................................# of rhinestones................. # of gross
 

30ss


Solid line of Rhinestones (use formula below to estimate total needed)
_____________ X 25.4 = __________ / 6.41 = _____________ / 144 = ______________

# inches to cover....................................# of rhinestones................... # of gross

 34ss


Solid line of Rhinestones (use formula below to estimate total needed)
_____________ X 25.4 = __________ / 7.17 = _____________ / 144 = ______________
# inches to cover......................................# of rhinestones................. # of gross

 

SOLID COVERAGE PER INCH

12ss  

Solid Rhinestones = 67.14 sq. inch

16ss  

Solid Rhinestones = 42.41 per sq. inch

20ss  

Solid Rhinestones = 29.20 per sq. inch


30ss  

Solid Rhinestones = 15.68 per sq. inch

34ss

Solid Rhinestones = 12.43 per sq. inch


Swarovski Colors: Crystal Row
Swarovski Crystal, Crystal AB, Aurum
Header: Swarovski Standard Colors
Swarovski Rhinestone Standard Colors
Header: Swarovski Crystal Coated
Swarovski Rhinestone Crystal Coated Colors
Header: Swarovski Color Coated
Swarovski Color Coated Rhinestones
 
     

Header: Preciosa Crystal, AB, Aurum
Preciosa Colors
Header: PReciosa Standard colors
Preciosa Genuine Czech Crystals colors
Header: Preciosa Coated Colors
Preciosa crystal rhinestones, limited coated colors
Header: Preciosa Coated Colors
Preciosa Coated color chart



Crystal Colors and Size Chart
 
swarovski crystal color chart 


 

How to Attach Flat Back Rhinestones (Crystals)

Adhesives (Gluing) Method

Many types of glue are acceptable for attaching rhinestones or crystals, except (1) the isocyanate glues (e.g., instant adhesives), (2) any glue containing acetone, and (3) hot glue. There are several brands of glue that are specifically formulated for bonding rhinestones or crystals to fabric. Our product line of recommended adhesives & glue product line includes Beacon Gem-Tac, E-6000, Devcon epoxies, and Aleene's.

We personally prefer Beacon Gem-Tac because it is the least expensive, you only need a small amount, and it dries completely clear, which means no more globs of glue around the rhinestones—just pure shimmer and shine. It's easy to attach rhinestones with adhesives. Please remember to do a test on a spare piece of fabric or in an inconspicuous spot, use glue that dries transparent, make sure to cover all edges of the stones to minimize them from peeling off, follow the manufacturer's instructions, always wash with great care and on a low temperature.


How to Use and Apply Hotfix Rhinestones (Crystals) and Metals

Hotfix rhinestones and metals can be applied with various tools and methods, as described in the manuals from Swarovski and Preciosa, listed below. Be sure to follow the instructions for the brand of hotfix rhinestones you are using. We also offer some general information about using hotfix trims.

Hotfix rhinestones and metals are not recommended for attachment to plastic, metals, glass, or denim. 

General Guidelines for Using Hotfix Rhinestones (Crystals)

Fabrics should be pre-washed and free of any chemical finish, such as water resistant treatments. When working with stretch fabrics, try to slightly pre-stretch the fabrics before applying hot fix crystals. Always test the application on a sample swatch or in an inconspicuous area.

Some general guidelines for using handheld hotfix wands or applicators, such as BeJeweled or Crystal Craft:

  • Note there are two types of tips included with most wands. Flats (spots) are designed for use with metals and hotfix shapes. When using these types of trims, you will place the trim on the garment and set the tool tip on top of the trim until the glue is heated.
  • The second type of tip is the concave rounded tip. These are for use with flat back rhinestones and pearls. The shape of the tip allows you to pick up the rhinestone with the tool. When the glue is melted, you will place the rhinestone on the fabric. Be sure to use the same size tip as the rhinestone size you are working with.
  • While the tool is heating up, get your rhinestones ready. For example, pour out some of the rhinestones onto a paper plate, glue side down. By doing this, the rhienstones are spread out and are easier to pick up with the hot fix wand.
  • After you pick up the stone with the hotfix tool, you may want to angle the tool a bit so the stone does not fall out.
  • Do not "slide" the rhinestone once you have placed it.

Placing Rhinestones Accurately for Your Design

And here are a few tips about making sure you place your rhinestones according to your planned design:

  • To speed up the process, you may want to "chalk dot" the pattern on your garment before starting. That will allow you to work quickly because the locations of the rhinestones are already dotted out for you.
  • If you are working on a complicated or detailed design, consider using hotfix transfer paper. You can trace your design onto the paper to make the placement of the hot fix stones easier and more precise, then apply heat using a household iron to set them all at once.
  • If your handheld hotfix tool didn't come with the size tip you need, or if a tip wears out, we have replacement tips available.

Color Cross Reference for Sequins and Swarovski Elements Rhinestones

Here are some tips: Combine sequins and rhinestones in your designs. For example, you can glue an 8mm Zodiac sequin to fabric, then glue a smaller flat back rhinestone centered on top of the sequin. The larger sequin creates more coverage and a sparkly base, and you still get that brilliant flash from the flat back—without the cost of a larger stone! Or, another great way to get more sparkle on a budget is to mix stones and sequins; this works with any pattern or design!

Use this page to cross reference sequin colors to Swarovski Elements rhinestone colors. Use rhinestones for the maximum impact, but add cost-effective sequins to "stretch" the sparkle in your costumes and projects. This guide provides combinations that are similar, coordinated matches. Sample cards are recommended for exact color matching.

 


Black
Solid Metallic

 Jet
 Jet Hematite
 Jetnut
 Black Diamond


Silver
Solid Metallic

 Comet Argent Light
 Crystal
 Moonlight
 Silver Shade
 Black Diamond
 Silver Night


Gold
Solid Metallic

 Aurum
 Light Topaz
 Sunflower
 Tabac
 Golden Shadow


Red
Solid Metallic

 Light Siam
 Indian Siam
 Siam
 Red Magma
 Fire Opal
 Light Siam AB
 Siam AB


Royal Blue
Solid Metallic

 Capri Blue
 Sapphire
 Cobalt Blue
 Dark Indigo
 Bermuda Blue


Green
Solid Metallic

 Emerald
 Erinite
 Sahara
 Green Turmaline
 Fern Green
 Emerald AB


Gunmetal
Solid Metallic

 Black Diamond
 Jet Hematite
 Silver Shade
 Silver Night
 Comet Argent Light


Fuchsia
Solid Metallic

 Fuchsia
 Ruby
 Volcano
 Vitrail Medium
 Astral Pink (20ss)
 Fuchsia AB


Chartreuse 
Solid Metallic

 Light Topaz
 Citrine
 Vitrail Medium
 Citrine AB


Lime Green 
Solid Metallic

 Peridot
 Erinite
 Chrysolite
 Sahara
 Vitrail Medium


Aqua 
Solid Metallic

 Aquamarine
 Blue Zircon
 Pacific Opal 
 Blue Zircon AB
 Aquamarine AB


Teal 
Solid Metallic

 Blue Zircon
 Aquamarine
 Bermuda Blue
 Blue Zircon AB


Turquoise 
Solid Metallic

 Blue Zircon
 Bermuda Blue
 Blue Zircon AB


Forest Green 
Solid Metallic

 Green Turmaline
 Emerald
 Erinite
 Vitrail Medium
 Pacific Opal
 Emerald AB
 Olivine AB


Sky Blue 
Solid Metallic

 Light Sapphire
 Aquamarine
 Light Sapphire AB


Dior Blue 
Solid Metallic

 Light Sapphire
 Montana
 Aquamarine
 Aquamarine AB
 Light Sapphire AB


Navy 
Solid Metallic

 Montana
 Metallic Blue
 Cobalt Blue
 Dark Indigo
 Light Sapphire


Pink 
Solid Metallic

 Light Rose
 Rose
 Vitrail Light
 Light Amethyst


Candy 
Solid Metallic

 Rose
 Light Rose
 Fuchsia
 Fuchsia AB
 Rose AB


Lilac 
Solid Metallic

 Vitrail Light
 Light Amethyst
 Amethyst
 Light Amethyst AB


Purple 
Solid Metallic

 Purple Velvet
 Volcano
 Heliotrope
 Fuchsia
 Fuchsia AB
 Vitrail Light


Wine 
Solid Metallic

 Amethyst
 Fuchsia
 Ruby
 Red Magma
 Amethyst AB


Plum 
Solid Metallic

 Purple Velvet
 Amethyst 
 Heliotrope 
 Tanzanite
 Volcano


Golden Orange 
Solid Metallic

 Sun
 Hyacinth
 Padparadascha
 Fire Opal
 Sun AB
 Hyacinth AB
 Copper


Copper 
Solid Metallic

 Copper
 Topaz
 Sun
 Sunflower
 Light Colorado Topaz
 Golden Shadow


Bronze 
Solid Metallic

 Smoke Topaz
 Mocca
 Dorado
 Golden Shadow


Silver 
Zodiac

 Crystal AB
 Moonlight
 Crystal
 Comet Argent Light


Royal Blue 
Zodiac
NO LONGER AVAILABLE

 Capri Blue AB
 Cobalt Blue
 Bermuda Blue
 Capri Blue


Orange 
Zodiac

 Hyacinth AB
 Hyacinth
 Sun
 Copper 
 Sun AB


Red 
Zodiac

 Light Siam AB
 Light Siam
 Siam
 Red Magma
 Fire Opal
 Siam AB


Green 
Zodiac
NO LONGER AVAILABLE

 Emerald AB
 Emerald
 Green Turmaline
 Fern Green
 Vitrail Medium
 Erinite 


Fucshia 
Zodiac

 Fuchsia AB
 Fucshia
 Ruby
 Volcano


Light Rose 
Zodiac

 Light Rose AB
 Light Rose
 Rose
 Vintage Rose 


Gold 
Zodiac

 Light Colorado Topaz AB
 Light Colorado Topaz
 Sunflower
 Metallic Light Gold
 Aurum
 Dorado
 Golden Shadow


Chartreuse 
Zodiac

 Citrine AB
 Light Topaz AB
 Citrine
 Light Topaz


Hot Pink 
Zodiac

 Rose AB
 Rose
 Hyacinth AB
 Ruby


Galaxy 
Zodiac

 Jet Hematite
 Black Diamond
 Comet Argent Light
 Silver Night
 Jet


Peacock 
Zodiac

 Blue Zircon AB
 Blue Zircon
 Bermuda Blue


Violet 
Zodiac

 Heliotrope
 Purple Velvet
 Tanzanite
 Vitrail Light
 Volcano


Marigold 
Zodiac

 Light Topaz AB
 Topaz
 Citrine
 Light Topaz
 Topaz AB
 Citrine
 Sun AB
 Citrine AB


Sea Green 
Zodiac

 Peridot AB
 Peridot
 Erinite
 Sahara
 Green Turmaline
 Fern Green 


Silver 
Lazersheen

 Silver Shade
 Black Diamond
 Comet Argent Light
 Crystal
 Crystal AB
 Moonlight


Gold 
Lazersheen

 Golden Shadow
 Light Topaz AB
 Light Topaz
 Dorado
 Metallic Light Gold
 Aurum
 Jonquil AB


 
 
 
How to Determine Your Ring Size 

The best way to determine your ring size is to get it measured at a jewelry store. However, if that is not possible, you can determine an approximate ring size by using one of the following methods. Measure the circumference (distance around) your finger with something flexible, such as a piece of string, and then place the string next to a metric ruler (a ruler with millimeter measurements). Or, measure the diameter (distance across) in millimeters of the inside of a ring you currently wear. Find the nearest measurement on the chart below. That's approximately your ring size.

When in doubt between two sizes, it is always safer to go to the next larger ring size. Also, if your knuckles are larger than where you wear your ring, measure the circumference of your knuckle and then pick something between the two sizes. Measure your finger in warm temperatures at the end of the day when the fingers are largest.

Ring SizeCircumference (in mm)Inside Diameter (in mm)
4 46.7 14.9 mm
4.5 47.9 15.2 mm
5 49.3 15.7 mm
5.5 50.4 16.1 mm
6 51.8 16.5 mm
6.5 53 16.9 mm
7 54.4 17.4 mm
7.5 55.5 17.8 mm
8 56.9 18.1 mm
8.5 58 18.6 mm
9 59.5 18.9 mm
9.5 60.5 19.5 mm
10 62.1 19.9 mm
10.5 63.1 20.3 mm
11 64.6 20.7 mm
11.5 65.6 21.2 mm
12 67.2 21.6 mm
12.5 68.1 22 mm
13 69.7 22.3 mm
13.5 70.7 22.8 mm
14 72.3 23 mm
14.5 73.3 23.5 mm
15 74.8 23.8 mm
16 77.4 24.6 mm
 
RING SIZE ADJUSTERS:

"Ring Snuggies" are helpful if a ring is too large or you have big knuckles. Ring Snuggies are little clear plastic tubes that fit over the shank of your ring, to keep the ring in place. They are easy to put on and remove while the ring is on your finger. You can cut them to fit any size, they do not damage your rings and they are hardly noticeable to anyone. These neat little devices also keep your ring from rolling sideways. Package of 6 assorted sizes available on our website - see below. (Ring Snuggies are also available at Walmart. 

International Ring Size Convertor: Click on the following link link to directed to an Online International Ring Size Conversion calculator. The calculator is hosted on another website but we found this ring size converter to be very helpful. http://www.onlineconversion.com/ring_size.htm Don't forget to come back to our website after you have determined your U.S. ring size!!
 
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cowgirl

 /ˈkaʊˌgɜrl/ [kou-gurl]
 
–noun
1. a woman who herds and tends cattle on a ranch, esp. in the western U.S., and who traditionally goes about most of her work on horseback.
2. a woman who exhibits the skills attributed to such cowgirls, esp. in rodeos.

Origin:
1880&



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